Gum disease or ‘Gingivitis’ causes inflammation and infection of the gums. Here’s everything you need to know about gum disease and how to avoid it.

What Is Gum Disease?

Gum disease, also called Gingivitis, is the inflammation of the gums. Gums are infected by bacteria which feed on the plaque formed on teeth. The gums become inflamed and red and the infection can destroy the tissues, periodontal alignments and the sockets of the tooth.

How Is Gum Disease Caused?

Gum disease occurs when particles of food left on teeth turns into plaque. This plaque acts as fodder for bacteria. The bacteria strengthen, leading to gum inflammation and infection.

Symptoms Of Gum Disease

Some major symptoms of gum disease include:

  1. the shiny appearance of the gums
  2. feelings of tenderness in gums whenever touched
  3. swelling of the gums
  4. excessive pain in the mouth
  5. bleeding from the gums during brushing of the teeth
  6. the bright red colour of the gums

How Can Gum Disease Be Treated?

Sufferers of gum disease may require one or more of the following treatment options:

  1. reduction of inflammation in the gums
  2. professional cleaning and flossing of the teeth
  3. regular use of a non-alcoholic antibacterial mouthwash
  4. antibiotics, if necessary
  5. dental surgery in cases where gum disease has led to serious dental issues

Risks Associated With Gum Disease

It is essential to make a habit of regularly brushing your teeth at least twice per day or preferably after every meal. This helps to avoid gum disease, which can also lead to the following health risks:

  1. infections
  2. oral disease
  3. diabetes
  4. misaligned teeth

If the state of your teeth and gums are concerning you, we strongly recommend you make an appointment for a dental examination. Early treatment of gum disease typically leads to the most positive dental outcome.