Gingivitis is usually the onset of gum disease. It is hallmarked by tender or swollen gums, light bleeding when flossing, bad breath, and/or a bright red colour. This form of gum disease affects the gingiva, which is the part of the gum that’s around your teeth. Because the infection has not settled below the surface of the gum line, gingivitis is easier and less expensive to treat.

The most common cause of gingivitis is poor oral hygiene. This is something that is completely within the control of the patient as long as you have the proper tools. Brushing your teeth twice a day, flossing every day, and getting regular dental check-ups are the best ways to treat or prevent gingivitis.


A more serious form of gum disease is periodontitis. This is considered more moderate or severe than gingivitis because the infection affects the gum and the jawbone. Symptoms of periodontitis include:

● Swollen, tender, or puffy gums
● Gums that bleed easily
● Tooth breakage or tooth loss
● Receding gum line
● New spaces or gaps in between teeth
● A change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
● Pain while chewing

Similar to gingivitis, the cause of periodontitis is often linked directly to poor oral hygiene. Having gingivitis increases your risk of developing periodontitis, especially if gingivitis goes untreated. Brushing, flossing, and getting regular dental check-ups is essential in preventing periodontitis in the first place, as well as preventing the condition from becoming worse.

Advanced Periodontitis

This is the final stage of gum disease and the patient’s teeth can usually not be saved at this stage. The fibers and bone supporting teeth are destroyed, which leads to loose teeth. A very uncomfortable situation where your bite gets affected. Our dentists will work with you to try to keep the teeth and you may need to see a gum specialist otherwise known as a periodontist. Failing which, teeth may need to be removed. Our dentists will be able to discuss the steps to use implants or dentures depending on the severity of your situation.

Gum Disease Treatment


Your dentist will often discover signs of gum disease during your routine dental check-up. However, if you experience symptoms of gum disease in between visits, we encourage you to schedule an appointment for further investigation. Once we diagnose your condition, we can recommend the appropriate treatment options.

Gum Disease Treatment

Treatment Plan

Every patient we work with is unique. We take into account your medical and dental history, your budget, and other factors that may impact our treatment recommendations. Rest assured we aim to give you the most effective gum disease treatment that will improve your chances of halting progression or eliminating the disease.

Treatments that we may explore include:

● Scaling
● Root planing
● Antibiotics
● Soft tissue grafts
● Bone grafts
● Flap surgery
● Tissue-stimulating enzymes
● Guided tissue regeneration
● Lifestyle changes

Gum Disease Treatment

Follow Up

After we begin treatment, we will monitor your progress to ensure your gum disease symptoms are improving. This may take course over a single visit or multiple follow-up visits. Your dentist will keep you informed of your progress and provide estimates of when your treatment will be complete.

Keep in mind that there is no single magic cure for gum disease. Treatment is a journey and results are not immediate.


4 simple dental tips whilst in Covid lockdown

Being in lockdown is an extremely difficult time for many Australians. We can’t see friends, go places, incomes may be affected and we’ve lost our freedom. Further to this people are getting sick and who knows when it will end?

What’s important is that we still have the ability to look after our health as best we can. So the following are our simple tips for a healthy mouth during lockdown.


Tip 1 – Routine

It’s simple to fall out of a routine. If you’re used to going out in the morning to work or to drop the kids off at school and can no longer do this it’s easy to simply not get ready in the morning. If you’re not meeting people then the temptation may be to skip brushing your teeth. You may then start noticing that unpleasant furry feeling on your teeth. That’s the bacteria on your teeth building up otherwise known as plaque. Then when you get the chance to brush your teeth you may notice bleeding of the gums. That’s what happens when the plaque release toxins which irritate the gums.

Regular morning and night brushing is absolutely essential in preventing long term issues like gum disease and tooth decay. Use a soft to medium toothbrush and clean in a gentle circular motion. Make sure you brush your gums gently as well. The simple routine morning and night time can help you prevent extensive and expensive treatment. Also don’t forget to floss every night!

Tip 2 – Diet

What you eat and drink can have a big impact on the health of your mouth. During lockdown it can be easy to change your diet. Perhaps you’re snacking more or eating more sweets – both can lead to dental decay. Some simple diet tips are avoid sweet sticky foods or snacks. Even cordials and soft drinks can lead to dental decay. If sugary foods are consumed then just have it in one sitting rather than snacking on it throughout the day. The longer the sugar is in contact with your teeth the higher the chance of dental decay.


Tip 3 – Reach out to us

If you have any concerns feel free to reach out to us. Our practice is still open so our team are here to help you. Our staff are trained to assist you with any issues and if they feel that it is best for you to come in to the practice then we can see you. Our practice is Covid safe so we’ll screen you and ask you to wear a mask when you come in. We also offer “virtual meetings” if you don’t feel comfortable coming in. Sometimes that reassurance is all you need.


Tip 4 – Book in to see us

As soon as the lockdown is over don’t forget to book in to see us. Regular dental examination and clean is essential for good oral health. Usually after a lockdown our practice can become extremely busy. During this time we have been preparing for additional clinicians to be on board to service our patients. We do recommend that you book as early as possible to avoid disappointment.

When the bacteria is left on the teeth too long it hardens and becomes tartar. This needs to be removed every 6 months to prevent the onset of permanent gum disease


Hopefully those tips will help you through this lockdown. We understand that everyone is affected during this time and many are going through real hardship. Our team at Sydney Road Dental Care are here for you and our community. We wish everyone the very best and please stay safe during this time.


Sydney Road Dental Care

The Most Comfortable Dental Clean in Sydney!

Everyone knows that a regular, professional dental clean is essential for long-term dental health. But not everyone likes the sensation of a dental clean. At Sydney Road Dental Care, we offer the no-touch Airflow dental clean. It’s a whole new way to deep clean your teeth that we promise you will enjoy – rather than endure! Now that’s a great reason to smile!

Gum Diseases Overview